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Virginia Real Property Tax Prepayment Limitation Under the New Federal Income Tax Law


Taxpayers with real estate in localities that have this assessment date can prepay the remaining unpaid amount of their July 1, 2017, assessment prior to December 31, 2017. Option Two – Most counties, cities, and towns in Virginia use a calendar tax year ...


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Many individual taxpayers are rushing to prepay their real property taxes in anticipation of the new lower cap of $10,000.00.  Not everyone will be able to take advantage of the tax planning idea.  The IRS has issued new guidance as of December 27, 2017 that may restrict the effect of the prepayment[see Advisory below]. The key is the date of the actual assessment.  Per the IRS, the actual assessment must be done in calendar year 2017 to take advantage of the prepayment. Virginia has two options for the assessment date.  Option One – Some counties, cities, and towns in Virginia have adopted a fiscal tax year with assessments effective July 1 of the current year.  This means that the assessment date for these localities’ 2017-18 tax year was July 1, 2017.  Taxpayers with real estate in localities that have this assessment date can prepay the remaining unpaid amount of their July 1, 2017, assessment prior to December 31, 2017. Option Two – Most counties, cities, and towns in Virginia use a calendar tax year with assessments effective January 1 of the current year.  This means the assessment date for these localities’ 2017 tax year was January 1, 2017.  Taxpayers with real estate in these localities should have already paid their entire assessment for 2017.  The assessments that these localities will make on January 1, 2018, will be due and owning in 2018.  Under the IRS Advisory, no prepayment of these 2018 assessments can be deducted in 2017. Virginia taxpayers must confirm their local assessment date to determine if they can take advantage The chart below lists the counties, cities, and towns that we understand have adopted a fiscal tax year with assessments effective July 1 The chart indicates the tax installment due dates for these localities, as well as the installments that will not be due before December 31, 2017 – and which taxpayers should be able to prepay by December 31, 2017, in order to take advantage of any prepayment benefit. Other states have similar restrictions.  Those states need to be reviewed at the local level for the assessment dates. If you have any questions call Shane Smith at 757.629.0706 or Stephanie Lipinski Galland at 891.652.1620. --> Scroll to see full table data Locality Tax Due Dates Taxpayers should be able to prepay: Cities:     Bedford 9/30; 12/31; 3/31; 6/5 Mar and June installments Buena Vista 12/5; 6/5 June installment Chesapeake† 9/30; 12/31; 3/31; 6/5 Mar and June installments Covington 12/5; 6/5 June installment Danville 12/5; 6/5 June installment Franklin 12/5; 6/5 June installment Fredericksburg 11/15; 5/15 May installment Harrisonburg† 12/5; 6/5 June installment Lexington 12/5; 6/5 June installment Lynchburg 11/15; 1/15; 3/15; 5/15 Jan, Mar, and May installments Manassas 12/5; 6/5 June installment Manassas Park 12/5; 6/5 June installment Martinsville† 12/5; 6/5 June installment Newport News 12/5; 6/5 June installment Norfolk 9/30; 12/5; 3/31; 6/5 Mar and June installments Petersburg 9/1; 12/1; 3/1; 6/1 Mar and June installments Poquoson 12/5; 6/5 June installment Portsmouth 9/30; 12/31; 3/31; 6/30 Mar and June installments Suffolk† 12/5; 6/5 June installment Virginia Beach 12/5; 6/5 June installment Williamsburg 12/1; 6/1 June installment Counties:     Bath 12/5; 6/5 June installment Charlotte 12/5; 6/5 June installment Isle of Wight 12/5; 6/5 June installment James City† 12/5; 6/5 June installment Mecklenburg 12/5; 6/5 June installment Middlesex 12/5; 5/5 May installment Towns:     Appalachia 12/5 none Boyce 12/5 none Boydton 1/1 Jan installment Chase City 1/31 Jan installment Clarksville 2/1 Feb installment Clifton Forge 12/5; 6/5 June installment Colonial Beach 12/5; 6/5 June installment Drakes Branch 2/15 Feb installment Gate City 12/21 none Halifax 12/5 none Haysi 12/5; 6/5 June installment Hurt 12/5 none Independence 12/5 none La Crosse 12/31 none Madison 6/1 June installment Narrows 12/5 none Round Hill 12/5 none South Hill 1/5 Jan installment Stephens City 3/15 Mar installment Victoria 12/5 none Woodstock 12/5; 6/5 June installment       † Assesses as of Jan 1 but does not place values on its tax roll until fiscal year beginning Jul 1 --> Scroll to see full table data IRS Advisory: Prepaid Real Property Taxes May Be Deductible in 2017 if Assessed and Paid in 2017 Dec27, 2017 WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service advised tax professionals and taxpayers today that pre-paying 2018 state and local real property taxes in 2017 may be tax deductible under certain circumstances. The IRS has received a number of questions from the tax community concerning the deductibility of prepaid real property taxesIn general, whether a taxpayer is allowed a deduction for the prepayment of state or local real property taxes in 2017 depends on whether the taxpayer makes the payment in 2017 and the real property taxes are assessed prior to 2018A prepayment of anticipated real property taxes that have not been assessed prior to 2018 are not deductible in 2017State or local law determines whether and when a property tax is assessed, which is generally when the taxpayer becomes liable for the property tax imposed. The following examples illustrate these points. Example 1: Assume County A assesses property tax on July 1, 2017 for the period July 1, 2017 – June 30, 2018On July 31, 2017, County A sends notices to residents notifying them of the assessment and billing the property tax in two installments with the first installment due Sept30, 2017 and the second installment due Jan31, 2018Assuming taxpayer has paid the first installment in 2017, the taxpayer may choose to pay the second installment on Dec31, 2017, and may claim a deduction for this prepayment on the taxpayer’s 2017 return. Example 2: County B also assesses and bills its residents for property taxes on July 1, 2017, for the period July 1, 2017 — June 30, 2018County B intends to make the usual assessment in July 2018 for the period July 1, 2018 — June 30, 2019However, because county residents wish to prepay their 2018-2019 property taxes in 2017, County B has revised its computer systems to accept prepayment of property taxes for the 2018-2019 property tax yearTaxpayers who prepay their 2018-2019 property taxes in 2017 will not be allowed to deduct the prepayment on their federal tax returns because the county will not assess the property tax for the 2018-2019 tax year until July 1, 2018. 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