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How the Chicago Defender became a national voice for black Americans


Find previous stories at www.dailyherald.com/topics/Illinois-Bicentennial ... the landlord's apartment to a location on South Indiana Avenue, the first of four homes for the newspaper in Chicago. In 1923, the Chicago Defender introduced the Bud Billiken ...


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A yearlong birthday celebration for Illinois Most people know about the Great Chicago Fire, but there's a lot more to Illinois history than thatNative American settlements thousands of years old, the battle over slavery, the transfer of influence from southern to northern Illinois, wars and riots, the gangsters and politicians and artists and athletes that shaped our state all will be part of a yearlong series of articles to mark Illinois' bicentennialThe Daily Herald and dozens of publications across the state are joining forces on the series, which will continue until Illinois' 200th birthday on Dec3Find previous stories at www.dailyherald.com/topics/Illinois-Bicentennial/.   By the start of World War I, the Chicago Defender was the nation's most influential black weekly newspaper, with more than two-thirds of its readers located outside of Chicago. During World War I, the paper used its influence to wage a successful campaign in support of The Great MigrationIt published blazing editorials, articles and cartoons lauding the benefits of the North, posted job listings and train schedules to facilitate relocation, and declared May 15, 1917, as the date of the "Great Northern Drive." The Chicago Defender's support of The Great Migration encouraged Southern readers to migrate to the North in record numbersBetween 1916 and 1918, at least 110,000 people migrated to Chicago, nearly tripling the city's black population. Following the war, the Defender covered controversial events such as the Red Summer Riots of 1919, a series of race riots in cities across the countryThe Chicago Defender campaigned for anti-lynching legislation and for integrated sports. In 1920, it moved from the landlord's apartment to a location on South Indiana Avenue, the first of four homes for the newspaper in Chicago. In 1923, the Chicago Defender introduced the Bud Billiken Page, the first newspaper section just for children. dhGlobalObj.showArticleBodyAd( 1 ); Today, the Chicago Defender, along with the Chicago Defender Charities, is the producer and organizer of the world famous Bud Billiken Day Parade and PicnicThe Bud Billiken Parade, which originated in 1929, is the largest event of its kind. Columnists at the Defender included Walter White and Langston HughesThe paper also published the early works by Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Gwendolyn BrooksHeralding itself as the "The World's Greatest Weekly," the Defender spoke out against segregation of the armed forces in the early 1940s and actively challenged segregation in the South during the civil rights era. In 1940, John HHSengstacke, Abbott's nephew and heir, assumed editorial control and continued to champion for equalityIn 1965, Sengstacke purchased The Pittsburgh Courier, along with papers such as the Michigan Chronicle in Detroit and the Tri-State Defender in MemphisSengstacke served as publisher of the Defender until his death in May 1997. Today, the Chicago Defender is the flagship publication of Detroit-based Real Times Inc. • Illinois 200 is produced as a project of the Illinois Press Association and the Illinois Associated Press Media Editors. #article_video {width:100%;margin:25px 0;max-width:576px;overflow:hidden;} try { _402_Show(); } catch(e) {} Related Article Where slaves hid while traveling on Underground Railroad in suburbs   Related Article The history of newspapers in Illinois (even before it was a state)   Related Article Place names reflect American Indian heritage   Related Article 1,000 years ago, Illinois had the largest city in what would become the U.S.   Related Article Illinois' coal mining roots date back to 17th century   Related Article How Sears created modern retail in Illinois   Related Article Kaskaskia: Where Illinois' rich history began 150 years before statehood   Related Article How an eleventh-hour border shift kept the suburbs in Illinois   Tweet !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+'://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js';fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document, 'script', 'twitter-wjs'); --> This article filed under: News Chicago Illinois Bicentennial dhGlobalObj.showAd( { 'sizes':[ 300, 250 ], 'pos':'btf', 'module':'article-end' } ); Article Comments () Guidelines: Keep it civil and on topic; no profanity, vulgarity, slurs or personal attacksPeople who harass others or joke about tragedies will be blocked If a comment violates these standards or our terms of service, click the X in the upper right corner of the comment boxTo find our more, read our FAQ. dhGlobalObj.showAd( { 'slug':'Billboard1' } ); dhGlobalObj.showAd( { 'slug':'ArticleTower' } ); (function() { if ( document.documentElement.clientWidth

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