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Ku Klux Klan leader found dead near Missouri river
Frank Ancona, 51, an outspoken member and imperial grand wizard of the Traditionalist American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, was found dead along a Missouri river on Saturday ... said only a handful of funeral homes in the country offer this feature ...
Last November, a panel of medical professionals issued guideline that redefine blood pressure readingsNow, one of the nation’s leading … Read More→
What Is Depression?
Depression is a common and serious mental health condition, which can negatively affect how you feel, how you think, and … Watch Video→
Beauty + Style
Wills + Estates
Bear Market Plus Withdrawals in Retirement Can Cause Portfolio Death Spiral
March 23, 2018 by Sondra Forsyth
If you’re a retiree with an equity-heavy portfolio and have to make a withdrawal in a bear market during the … Read More→
Exercises to Make You a Better Driver
March 22, 2018 by Jane Farrell
Editor’s note: Here, from the experts at the Go4Life division of the National Institute on Aging, tips on the exercises that … Read More→
Diet + Nutrition
Vitamins + Supplements
Food Allergies + Intolerance
What Obesity Does to the Spine
March 21, 2018 by Sondra Forsyth
With so much focus on the many health risks of obesity – including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer – many … Read More→
Diet & Nutrition
When Life Gives You Lemons, Smile!
March 19, 2018 by Sondra Forsyth
Here is one instance where life gives you lemons, and it’s actually a good thingYou don’t even have to … Read More→
Injury Prevention + Treatment
Health + Fitness
Fuel Your Body for A Better Workout Performance
March 29, 2018 by Jane Farrell
Are you doing the workout that’s right for you, but still not seeing the results you’d like? That may be … Read More→
Five Fabulous Fitness Apps
March 26, 2018 by Jane Farrell
Own a smartphone? Then you’re ready to take your fitness regimen to the next level! Amp up your workout routines … Read More→
Relationships + Love
Who’s a Good Boy? Why “Dog-Speak” Is Important for Bonding with Your Pet
March 29, 2018 by Sondra Forsyth
Scientists at the University of York in the UK have shown that the way we speak to our canine friends … Read More→
Battling Youthful Bullying
March 28, 2018 by Jane Farrell
Researchers are examining school bullying based on stigma – where a victim is attacked based on a characteristic like race, … Read More→
January 17, 2018 by thirdAGE
Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary, pushed down the fallopian tube, and is available to … Watch Video→
September 6, 2016 by thirdAGE
Traumatic events, like war, assault, or disaster, can lead to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is an anxiety disorderIt … Watch Video→
Top Cardiologist Disagrees with New Hypertension Guidelines
Last November, a panel of medical professionals issued guideline that redefine blood pressure readingsNow, one of the nation’s leading cardiologists is challenging them, saying that the lowered numbers may lead to unnecessarily aggressive blood pressure treatments.
Robert APhillips, M.D., Ph.D., Houston Methodist Hospital’s chief medical officer, said that while patients at higher risk for cardiovascular disease benefited from the stricter guidelines, those with lower risk had more harm than benefit from the intensive treatment recommendations.
Those recommendations included two kinds of medication for people who have high blood pressure, according to the new guidelines.
Phillips’ findings were published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, a leading medical journal in the field of cardiovascular disease.
“While it’s estimated that 107,500 deaths could be averted annually in the U.Sby implementing more aggressive treatments, it may be accompanied by other serious, adverse events,” Phillips said“This presents clinicians and patients with a dilemma.”
The new rules Phillips is criticizing were written by a panel of 21 scientists and health experts who reviewed more than 900 published studiesIssued by the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology and nine other professional health organizations, the new guidelines classify hypertension as a reading of 130 over 80, rather than 140 over 90Under these new tightened rules, 46 percent of U.Sadults are now considered hypertensive, up from 32 percent.
This call for more aggressive treatment is based largely on data from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial, or SPRINT, which was a large-scale study of more than 9,000 people, sponsored by the NIH’s National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
“Classifying patients by degree of future risk might be the best way to identify who could benefit most from intensive treatment,” Phillips said“We developed a model using the 10-year cardiovascular disease risk and found that aggressive treatment of patients with a risk greater than or equal to 18.2 percent would result in more benefit than harm, while those with a risk of less than that would fare better under a standard blood pressure management approach.”
These numbers are at odds with the new guidelines, which suggest aggressively treating patients with a greater than 10 percent risk.
Job Interviews: What Not to Do
Acing an interview is an important step in landing a job, but it’s no easy feat, and your time to show yourself off is limitedAccording to a new CareerBuilder survey of hiring managers and human-resources professionals, around half of employers (49 percent) know within the first five minutes of an interview if a candidate is a good or bad fit for a position.
“There’s a lot riding on an interview — you have to make a great first impression, have knowledge of your target company and its product, and know exactly how to convey that you’re the perfect fit for the job,” says Rosemary Haefner, chief human resources officer at CareerBuilder“The best thing you can do for yourself is to prepare and practice everything from your body language to answers to standard interview questionsYou never get a second chance to make a first impression, so going in well-prepared is key.”
Here, from, the CareerBuilder survey results, are the biggest mistakes people make in this crucial processThey’re instant deal breakers, even if the person is the best candidate for the job:
Answering a cell phone or a text during an interview
Appearing arrogant or entitled
Seems to have a lack of accountability
Talks negatively about current or previous employers
Knows nothing about the job or company
Has unprofessional body language
Knows nothing about the industry or competitors
The Importance of Body Language
Sometimes your body language communicates more to another person than what you say or the tone of your voiceWhen asked to identify the biggest body language mistakes job seekers make during an interview, survey respondents named the following:
Failure to make eye contact
Failure to smile
Playing with something on the table
Fidgeting too much
Crossing arms over their chest
Playing with hair or touching one’s face
Handshake that is too weak
Using too many hand gestures
Handshake is too strong
This survey was conducted online by The Harris Poll from November 28 and December 20, 2017 and included a representative sample of 1,014 hiring managers and human resource professionals across industries and companies sizes (of which 888 are in the U.Sprivate sector).
CareerBuilder is a global company focused on helping employers find, hire and manage great talentIt operates in the United States, Canada, Europe and AsiaFor more information, visit http://www.careerbuilder.com/.
Early Symptoms of Endometriosis: Know the Warning Signs
March is Endometriosis Awareness MonthEndometriosis is a disease that affects at least 176 million women worldwideEndometriosis is characterized as having tissue similar to the endometrium—the tissue that lines the uterus—in other places such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bowels, and pelvic wall, among othersThis tissue should normally be expelled by the body, but with endometriosis, it is unable to exit, causing severe pain and other symptoms.
The following are 7 signs that women may have endometriosis and should consult a specialist:
Period pain that is not characterized as crampingThis is pain that makes you miss work, school, events, and forces you to lay in be.
Painful bowel movements and diarrhea or constipation
Pelvic pain even when you don’t have your period
All women who have endometriosis do not necessarily have all these symptoms; however, if you experience one or more of these symptoms regularly, consider seeing a specialist to rule out the possibility of endometriosis.
Living with Endometriosis includes expert advice drawn from doctors and researchers tackling this debilitative disease, along with tips for recognizing symptoms and getting the most effective help possibleThe book is available to pre-order on Amazon and wherever books are sold.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Samantha Bowick has a Master of Public Health degree from Liberty UniversityShe received a Bachelor of Science degree in Health Care Administration at Columbia Southern UniversityShe is devoted to using her education and experiences to advocate for women who suffer with endometriosisShe currently lives in Aiken, South Carolina.
Can We Turn Back Time? Muscles’ Own Protective Systems Could Help Reduce Frailty
New research published in the Journal of Physiology o March 11th 2018 helps explain why people experience muscle loss in old age, increasing the prospects of reversing the condition in the future.
A release from the Physiological Society explains that as people grow older, their leg muscles become progressively smaller and weaker, leading to frailty and disabilityWhile this process inevitably affects everyone living long enough, until now the process has not been understoodThis new research suggests that muscle wasting follows on from changes in the nervous systemBy the age of 75, individuals typically have around 30 – 50% fewer nerves controlling their legsThis leaves parts of their muscles disconnected from the nervous system, making them functionally useless and so they waste away.
However, healthy muscles have a form of protection, in that surviving nerves can send out new branches to rescue some, but not all, of the detached muscle fibresThis protective mechanism is most successful in older adults with large, healthy musclesWhen the internal protective mechanism is not successful and nerves are unable to send out new branches, it can result in extensive muscle lossThis can result in a condition called Sarcopenia, which affects an estimated 10-20% of people aged over 65 years.
The researchers do not yet understand why the connections between muscles and nerves remain healthy in some people and not in othersThe race is now on to use this new knowledge to delay old-age weakness by either slowing the decline or by increasing the success of nerve branching to rescue detached muscle fibres.
The research carried out by Manchester Metropolitan University in conjunction with University of Waterloo, Ontario, and The University of Manchester, involved using MRI to gain a detailed look at the muscle tissue, followed by enhanced electromyography to record the electrical activity passing through the muscle to estimate the numbers and the size of surviving nerves available to rescue muscle fibres.
The researchers are currently looking at whether regular exercise in middle- and older-age slows the process of muscles becoming disconnected from the nervous system, or improves the success of nerve branching to rescue detached muscle fibresThe goal is to identify the best type of exercise – strength training or endurance – and to understand the physiology of why the nerve-muscle changes occur as we get older.
The release quotes Professor Jamie McPhee, the senior author on the research, as saying, “Our challenge now is to find ways to increase the success of nerve branching to rescue detached muscle fibres and thereby reduce the numbers of older people in our neighbourhoods with low muscle mass and muscle weaknessRight now in Europe there are at least 10 million older people with low muscle mass, which is a medical condition known as sarcopeniaThey are at higher risk of social isolation, falling, bone fracture, disability and hospital admissionWeakness makes them particularly vulnerable to falls in bad weather, as we’ve had in recent weeksOur research helps to explain why muscles decline with advancing age and this new knowledge will help in the search for effective countermeasures.”
DrMathew Piasecki, the study lead author who has since taken up a position at the University of Nottingham, said: “One of the earliest attempts at research similar to ours showed results from a small group of older people who apparently had just a couple of surviving nerves feeding into a foot muscleWhen we started out with our research we were very sceptical of the old data and thought it was an anomaly of out-dated testing proceduresHowever, now that we have tested a couple of hundred men we think the early observation was probably correctWe have also observed some very old muscles with just a few dozen nerves left, where young and healthy adults have hundreds.”
Who’s a Good Boy? Why “Dog-Speak” Is Important for Bonding with Your Pet
Scientists at the University of York in the UK have shown that the way we speak to our canine friends is important in relationship-building between pet and owner, similar to the way that “baby talk” is to bonding between a baby and an adultThe research paper was published in March 2018 in the journal Animal Cognition.
A release from the university notes that speech interaction experiments between adult dogs and humans showed that so called “dog speak” improves attention and may help humans to bond socially with their pets.
Previous studies on communicating with dogs had suggested that talking in a high-pitched voice with exaggerated emotion, just as adults do with babies, improved engagement with puppies but made little difference with adult dogs.
Researchers at York tested this theory with new experiments designed to understand more about why humans talk to dogs like this and if it is useful to the dogs in some way, or whether humans do this simply because they like to treat dogs in the same way as babies.
The release quotes Dr Katie Slocombe from the University of York’s Department of Psychology as saying, “A special speech register, known as infant-directed speech, is thought to aid language acquisition and improve the way a human baby bonds with an adultThis form of speech is known to share some similarities with the way in which humans talk to their pet dogs, known as dog-directed speech.
“This high-pitched rhythmic speech is common in human interactions with dogs in western cultures, but there isn’t a great deal known about whether it benefits a dog in the same way that it does a baby.
“We wanted to look at this question and see whether social bonding between animals and humans was influenced by the type and content of the communication.”
Unlike previous experiments, the research team positioned real humans in the same room as the dog, rather than broadcasting speech over a loud speaker without a human presentThis made the set up much more naturalistic for the dogs and helped the team test whether dogs not only paid more attention more to ‘dog speak’, but were motivated to spend more time with the person who had spoken to them in that way.
Researchers did a series of speech tests with adult dogs, where they were given the chance to listen to one person using dog-directed speech containing phrases such as ‘you’re a good dog’, and ‘shall we go for a walk?’, and then another person using adult-directed speech with no dog-related content, such as ‘I went to the cinema last night.’.
Attention during the speech was measured, and following the speech, the dogs were allowed to choose which speaker they wanted to physically interact with.
The speakers then mixed dog-directed speech with non-dog-related words and adult-directed speech with dog-related words, to allow the researchers to understand whether it was the high-pitched emotional tone of the speech that dogs were attracted to or the words themselves.
Alex Benjamin, PhD student from the University’s Department of Psychology, said: “We found that adult dogs were more likely to want to interact and spend time with the speaker that used dog-directed speech with dog-related content, than they did those that used adult-directed speech with no dog-related content.
“When we mixed-up the two types of speech and content, the dogs showed no preference for one speaker over the otherThis suggests that adult dogs need to hear dog-relevant words spoken in a high-pitched emotional voice in order to find it relevant.
“We hope this research will be useful for pet owners interacting with their dogs, and also for veterinary professionals and rescue workers.”
How Memory Changes as We Get Older
It’s known that when it comes to memory proficiency, there are differences between younger and older adultsNow, though, researchers report that data from brain imaging can zero in to show the underlying causes for such memory deficits.
The findings appeared in the journal Neuron.
“At the fundamental level, we still understand very little about how aging affects the neural systems that give rise to memory,” said Zachariah Reagh, the study’s first author, who is now a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Davis.
The paper reports data from 20 young adults (ages 18 to 31) and 20 cognitively healthy older adults (ages 64 to 89)The participants were asked to perform two kinds of tasks in a high-resolution functional brain imaging (fMRI) scanner: an object memory task and a location memory taskBecause fMRI looks at the dynamics of blood flow in the brain, it enables investigators to determine which parts of their brains the subjects are using in each task.
In the object task, participants learned pictures of everyday objects and were then asked to distinguish them from new pictures“Some of the pictures were identical to ones they’ve seen before, some were brand new, and others were similar to what they’ve seen before–we may change the color or the size,” said Michael Yassa, Director of the Center for the Neurobiology of Learning and Memory at the University of California, Irvine, and the study’s senior author“We call these tricky items the ‘lures.’ And we found that older adults struggle with these luresThey are much more likely than younger adults to think they’ve seen those lures before.”
The second task was very similar but required subjects to determine during test whether objects changed their locationFor this type of memory task, older adults fared quite a bit better“This suggests that not all memory changes equally with aging,” Reagh said“Object memory is far more vulnerable than spatial memory, at least in the early stages.” Other studies have shown that problems with spatial memory and navigation do manifest as individuals go down the path to Alzheimer’s disease.
Importantly, by scanning the subjects’ brains while they underwent these tests, the researchers were able to establish a mechanism within the brain for that deficit in object memory.
They found that it was linked to a loss of signaling in the part of the brain called the anterolateral entorhinal cortexThis area was already known to mediate the communication between the hippocampus, where information is first encoded, and the rest of the neocortex, which plays a role in long-term storageIt is also an area that is known to be severely affected in people with Alzheimer’s disease.
“The loss of fMRI signal means there is less blood flow to the region, but we believe the underlying basis for this loss has to do with the fact that the structural integrity of that region of the brain is changing,” Yassa said“One of the things we know about Alzheimer’s disease is that this region of the brain is one of the very first to exhibit a key hallmark of the disease, deposition of neurofibrillary tangles.”
In contrast, the researchers did not find age-related differences in another area of the brain connected to memory, the posteromedial entorhinal cortexThey demonstrated that this region plays a role in spatial memory, which was also not significantly impaired in the older subjects“These findings suggest that the brain aging process is selective,” Yassa said“Our findings are not a reflection of general brain aging, but rather specific neural changes that are linked to specific problems in object but not spatial memory.”
To determine whether this type of fMRI scan could eventually be used as a tool for early diagnosis, the researchers plan to expand their work to a sample of 150 older adults who will be followed over timeThey will also be conducting PET scans to look for amyloid and tau pathology in their brains as they ageAmyloid and tau are proteins that are crucial to Alzheimer’s.
“We hope this comprehensive imaging and cognitive testing will enable us to figure out whether the deficits we saw in the current study are indicative of what is later to come in some of these individuals,” Yassa said.
Fuel Your Body for A Better Workout Performance
Are you doing the workout that’s right for you, but still not seeing the results you’d like? That may be due to your nutritionFilling the body with the right fuel can help improve the workout performance of busy adults, as well as the millions of young athletes who play organized sportsWhile overlooking pre-workout nutrition is easy to do, it may come at a cost in performanceTaking the time to fuel your body the right way will help lead to optimal performance for both adults and young athletes alike.
We wouldn’t jump into the car to take off for a drive without making sure it was properly fueled with gas and oil, and it’s the same concept for the human bodyIn order to get the best performance from our bodies, we have to be properly fueled, which comes from eating and drinking the right things.
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